THE INNOVATIVE POTENTIAL OF HUMAN RESOURCES AS A FACTOR IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES MARKET IN UKRAINE


Keywords: personnel, innovation, potential, development, the economic and mathematical model.

Abstract

Topicality. The successful operation of an economic entity, in the development of the innovative technologies market, is largely determined by the innovative potential of its human resources - by the people who work for it - their knowledge, talents, and skills. The wrong combination of these elements, lack of employees who have the necessary qualifications, lack of harmony in the relationship between employers and employees can inevitably lead to serious financial and economic problems. Improving the efficiency of the use of the innovative potential of human resources in the development of the innovative technologies market is one of the most urgent tasks for any business entity. The competitive advantages of business entities, financial and economic indicators of their activity, ensuring sustainable development of entrepreneurship in general, are depending on the degree and balance of its use.
Aim and tasks. The purpose of the work is to analyze and develop on its basis recommendations for increasing the level of the innovative potential of human resources in the context of the development of the innovative technologies market in Ukraine.
Research results. The article analyzes the main structural elements of the innovative potential of human resources and identifies the factors influencing its level in Ukraine. The results of the analysis allowed us to build an economic and mathematical model of the relationship between innovation capacity, as an indicator of the development of the innovative technologies market and components of the innovative potential of human resources in Ukraine. This made it possible to predict the level of innovation capacity as an indicator of the innovative technologies market development in Ukraine in the short term. The obtained results allowed us to identify problems and develop recommendations for increasing the level of the innovative potential of human resources in the context of the innovative technologies market development in Ukraine.
Conclusion. Based on the developed economic and mathematical model, calculations were made that characterize the relationship between innovation capacity as an indicator of the innovative technologies market development and components of the innovative potential of human resources in Ukraine. As shown in the calculations, the proposed economic and mathematical model with high accuracy allows to assess the impact of components of the innovative potential of human resources on innovation capacity and identify major obstacles for its development, which made it possible to predict trends in innovation capacity as an indicator of the innovative technologies market development in Ukraine in the short term.

Author Biographies

I.V. GRYSHCHENKO

Ph.D. (Economics), Senior Researcher
Institute of Market Problems and Economic & Ecological Research of the
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Frantsuzskiy Boulevard, 29, Odesa, Ukraine

V.F. GRYSHCHENKO

Ph.D. (Economics), Associate Professor, Senior Researcher
Institute of Market Problems and Economic & Ecological Research of the
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Frantsuzskiy Boulevard, 29, Odesa, Ukraine

References

1. Burkinskiy B.V., Laiko O.I., Andryeyeva N.M. at al. (2020) Dominanty staloho rozvytku rehioniv Ukrainy [Dominants of sustainable development of the regions of Ukraine], Odesa, IPREED NANU [in Ukrainian].
2. Butenko A. I. (ed.) (2020) Teoretychni zasady formuvannia rynku innovatsiinykh tekhnolohii [Theoretical bases of the innovative technologies market formation], Odesa, IPREED NANU [in Ukrainian].
3. Breakthrough Innovation and Economic Growth. World Intellectual Property Report 2015 / WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization. Available at: https://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/ru/wipo_pub_944_2015.pdf (accessed October 14, 2020).
4. Prokhorchuk S.V. (2014) Innovatsiina spromozhnist ekonomiky Ukrainy [The innovative capacity of Ukraine's economy]. Kultura Narodov Prichernomoria [Culture of Black Sea People], 277, 58-61. Available at: http://dspace.nbuv.gov.ua/handle/123456789/93385 (accessed November 10, 2020).
5. Chaikovsky M.A. & Chaikovsky E.A. (2018) Ability of enterprises to implement an innovative development strategy. Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 6, 21-26. Available at: http://www.ei-journal.in.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/139/126 (accessed November 10, 2020).
6. Petrushenko, M. M., & Shevchenko, H. M. (2018). Regulation of ecologic-and-economical risks and the responsibility for human well-being: for example, of waste management. Economic Innovations, 3(68). 165-175. https://doi.org/10.31520/ei.2018.20.3(68).165-174 (accessed November 10, 2020).
7. Shevchenko, H. M. (2010). Pidpryiemnytskyi menedzhment u konteksti orhanizatsiinoho rozvytku [Entrepreneurial management in the context of organizational development]. Visnyk Sumskoho derzhavnoho universytetu. Seriia “Ekonomika”, 2, 63-72. Retrieved from http://essuir.sumdu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/3052 [in Ukrainian] (accessed November 10, 2020).
8. Lerro, A., Linzalone, R., & Schiuma, G. (2009). Modelling organizational innovation capability: A knowledge-based approach. Proceedings of the 4th IFKAD. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/download/42707990/Modeling_Organizational_ Innovation_Capab20160215-13562-hiht4i.pdf (accessed November 10, 2020).
9. Saunila, M., & Ukko, J. (2012). A conceptual framework for the measurement of innovation capability and its effects. Baltic Journal of Management, 7(4), 355–375.
10. The Global Competitiveness Report 2019 / World Economic Forum – Reports. Available at: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_TheGlobalCompetitivenessReport2019. pdf (accessed October 15)
11. Gryshchenko I.V. & Gryshchenko V.F. (2020) The innovative potential of human resources: the theoretical aspect. Economic innovations. Vol. 22, 4(77). P.48-60. Available at: https://doi.org/10.31520/ei.2020.22.4(77).48-60. (accessed January 18, 2021).
12. Number of employees involved in research and development with a scientific degree, for 2010-2019 (2020) State Statistics Service of Ukraine: Official website. Available at: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2020/ni/kpno_ns/kpno_ns_u.htm (accessed September 22, 2020).
13. Science, technology and innovation (2020) Eurostat: Official website. Available at: ec.Europa.eu/Eurostat /web/science-technology-innovation/data/database (accessed November 10, 2020).
14. Human Development Report 2019. Beyond income, beyond averages, beyond today: Inequalities in human development in the 21st century / United Nations Development Programme. Available at: http://www.hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2019.pdf (accessed September 22, 2020).
15. Education index / United Nations Development Programme. Available at: http://www.hdr.undp.org/en/indicators/103706# (accessed September 22, 2020).
16. Ukraina za indeksom «osvita» – u TOP-5 svitovoho reitynhu rozvytku liudskoho kapitalu [Ukraine is in the TOP-5 of the world ranking of human capital development according to the "education" index] / Ukrinform: Ukrainian multimedia platform for broadcasting. Available at: https://www.ukrinform.ua/rubric-society/2575022-ukraina-za-indeksom-osvita-u-top5-svitovogo-rejtingu-rozvitku-ludskogo-kapitalu.html [in Ukrainian] (accessed September 22, 2020).
17. Patent applications, residents (2020) / World Development Indicators Statistical Tables Available at: http://api.worldbank.org/v2/en/indicator/IP.PAT.RESD?downloadformat=excel (accessed September 22, 2020).
18. Scientific and technical journal articles (2020) / World Development Indicators Statistical Tables. Available at: http://api.worldbank.org/v2/en/indicator/IP.JRN.ARTC.SC?downloadformat=excel (accessed September 22, 2020).
19. Employment and unemployment in the first quarter of 2020: express issue (2020) State Statistics Service of Ukraine: Official website. Available at: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/express/expr2020/06/77.doc (accessed August 12, 2020).
20. The situation on the labor market and the activities of the state employment service in January-September 2020. (2020) State Employment Service of Ukraine: Official website. Available at: https://www.dcz.gov.ua/sites/default/files/infofiles/sytuaciya_na_rp_ta_ diyalnist_dsz_0.pdf (accessed October 25, 2020).
21. Ukraine Employed Persons: 2005-2020 Data / Trading Economics – URL: https://tradingeconomics.com/ukraine/employed-persons (accessed September 22, 2020).
22. Ukraine Unemployed Persons1992-2020 Data / Trading Economics – URL: https://tradingeconomics.com/ukraine/unemployed-persons (accessed September 22, 2020).
23. On scientific and scientific and technical activity: The Law of Ukraine on November 26, 2015 (edited on July 03, 2020). No. 848-III / Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/848-19#Text [in Ukrainian] (accessed August 12, 2020).
24. Expenditures for research and development by type of work for 2010-2019 (2020) State Statistics Service of Ukraine: Official website. Available at: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2017/ni/vvndr_vr/vvndr_vr_u.xlsx (accessed September 22, 2020).
25. Samilyk T. M. (2013) Staffing innovative development: status and priorities. Investytsiyi: praktyka ta dosvid, 11, 11-14. Available at: http://www.investplan.com.ua/?op=1&z=2856&i=2 (accessed November 10, 2020).
26. Gryshсhenko I. V. (2020) Suchasnyi stan rozvytku innovatsiinoho kadrovoho potentsialu Ukrainy. [The current state of development of the innovative potential of human resources in Ukraine]. Proceedings of the VII International scientific-practical conference “Ekonomiko-pravovi aspekty hospodariuvannia: suchasnyi stan, efektyvnist ta perspektyvy” [Economic and legal aspects of management: current status, efficiency, and prospects], Odesa: «Prynt bystro», pp. 117-120. [in Ukrainian].
27. Ukraine and its neighbors: Corruption Perceptions Index - 2019. / Transparency International. URL: https://ti-ukraine.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Ukrayina-i-susidy.-eng-SRI-2019.png (accessed September 22, 2020).
28. Brain drain: why Ukrainians leave to work abroad / ZIK.UA. Available at: https://zik.ua/ru/news/2016/06/28/utechka_mozgov_pochemu_ukrayntsi_ uezzhayut_rabotat_za_granytsu_711716 (accessed September 22, 2020).
29. Erman H. (2018) Personal European integration: how the brains drain from Ukraine and can they be returned. BBC News Ukraine. Available at: https://www.bbc.com/ukrainian/features-russian-45950085 (accessed September 22, 2020).
30. On approval of the Forecast of economic and social development of Ukraine for 2021-2023: Order on July 29, 2020 (edited on July 29, 2020) no. 671 / The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/671-2020-%D0%BF#Text (accessed August 14, 2020).
31. The Forecast of economic and social development of Ukraine for 2021-2023 / Ministry for Development of Economy, Trade and Agriculture of Ukraine. Available at: https://www.me.gov.ua/Files/GetFile?lang=uk-UA&fileId=68afc88a-c642-4f3c-95c9-ed5a9c6546a6 (accessed November 12, 2020)
32. On approval of the Strategy for the development of innovation for the period up to 2030: Order on July 10, 2019 (edited on July 10, 2019) no. 526-р / The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/526-2019-%D1%80#Text (accessed August 14, 2020).
33. Challenges and Opportunities in the Post-COVID-19 World. Insight Report (2020) / World Economic Forum – Reports. Available at: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Challenges_and_Opportunities_Post_ COVID_19.pdf (accessed November 10, 2020).
34. The Future of Jobs Report 2020 / World Economic Forum – Reports. Available at: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Future_of_Jobs_2020.pdf (accessed November 10, 2020).
35. Ukraine: the impact of COVID-19 on the economy and society (vision of post-pandemic development in 2020-2024 through the eyes of experts and youth): Consensus forecast / Ministry for Development of Economy, Trade and Agriculture of Ukraine. Available at: https://www.me.gov.ua/Documents/Download?id=bc5d2c61-1a7f-4ec7-8071-b996f2ad2b5a (accessed November 10, 2020).
36. Kovalova O.M. & Skrypka D.O. (2018) Sutnist kadrovoho potentsialu ta napriamy pidvyshchennia efektyvnosti yoho vykorystannia [The essence of human resource capacity and directions for improving its efficiency]. Pryazovskyi economic herald, 5(10), p. 218-222. Available at: http://pev.kpu.zp.ua/journals/2018/5_10_uk/39.pdf (accessed November 10, 2020).
37. Smirnov O. (2010) Vplyv innovatsii na pidvyshchennia konkurentospromozhnosti personalu promyslovykh pidpryiemstv [The impact of innovations on increasing the competitiveness of industrial enterprises personnel]. Efektyvna ekonomika, 9. Available at: http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=318 (accessed November 10, 2020).
Published
2021-03-20
How to Cite
GRYSHCHENKO, I., & GRYSHCHENKO, V. (2021). THE INNOVATIVE POTENTIAL OF HUMAN RESOURCES AS A FACTOR IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES MARKET IN UKRAINE. Economic Innovations, 23(1(78), 58-74. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31520/ei.2021.23.1(78).58-74