THE DECENTRALIZATION REFORM: THE PRECONDITIONS AND FACTORS OF CREATION OF THE BALTA CONSOLIDATED TERRITORIAL COMMUNITY
The process of creation of a territorial community with a center in the city of Balta, Odesa region, in the context of the organizational and legal as well as economic and financial preconditions of the consolidation of the communities in Ukraine was analyzed. The author analyzed the main drawbacks of the territorial organization of local self-government in the Balta region. The need for consolidation of the local level of the territorial division of the region was confirmed by objective data that was discovered in the process of researching of the communitites. In the region there was a significant imbalance of economic nature between village councils. The process of formation of communities in the Balta Consolidated Territorial Community was explored on the basis of the criteria specified in the Methodology for the formation of capable territorial communities: modeling of the capable territorial communities of the Balta Region; sustainability of administrative functions by certain settlements and analysis of infrastructure provision; researching of the areas of influence of settlements (first of all labour and other connections of population with a certain settlement); highliging of cultural and geographical similarities, territorial differences in conditions and living standards; analysis of existing administrative boundaries, etc. Summarizing the research of the preconditions and factors that were the basis for the creation of the Balta Consolidated Territorial Community, the author concluded: in the past the institutions of local self-government within the Balta Region were unable to effectively resolve their powers due to their demographic, territorial, material and financial inability; the creation of the Balta Territorial Community was a consolidation of economic and financial opportunities for solving the problems of economic and social development, attracting the investments, providing the high quality services to community members, creating new jobs; the Balta Territorial Community according to its indicators may be a model community for Ukraine that makes it possible to use the experience in other communities which are being voluntarily consolidated.
2. Metodyka formuvannia spromozhykh terytorialnykh hromad : Postanova Kabineta Ministrov Ukrainy [The methodology of formation of capable territorial communities : Decreе of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (08.04.2015). zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/214-2015-п. Retrieved from http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/214-2015-п.
3. Pro skhvalennja perspektyvnogo planu formuvannia terytorij gromad Odesjkoji oblasti : Rishennia Odesjkoji oblasnoji rady [On approval of the long-term plan of the formation of the territorial communities of the Odessa region : The Decision of the Odessa Regional Counsil] (24.06.2015). oblrada2.odessa.gov.ua/index.php option=com_content&view= article&id=6007%3A2015-06-28-16-50-41&catid=189&Itemid=185&lang=uk Retrieved from http://oblrada2.odessa.gov.ua/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6007%3A2015-06-28-16-50 41&catid= 189&Itemid=185&lang=uk.
4. Pro vidnesennja mista Balta Baltsjkogo rajonu Odesjkoji oblasti do kategoriji mist oblasnogo znachennja : Postanova Verkhovnoji Rady Ukrainy [On the about the attribution of the Balta city of the Baltsky district of the Odessa region to the category of cities of oblast significance : Decreе of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine] (04.02.2016). zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/985-viii Retrieved from http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/985-viii.