TRENDS AND PROBLEMS OF DEVELOPMENT INDIVIDUAL GRAIN FARMS IN CONTEXT OF PROVISION FOOD SECURITY OF UKRAINE AND ITS REGIONS


  • N.O. Bibikova
Keywords: grain market, corporate sector, individual sector, land use, nominal and real coefficients food security.

Abstract

In the article author analyzes changes in the dynamics and structure of grain production in Ukraine, determined the growth trend the share of individual sector in gross grain collection from 2,8 % in 1990 to 34,7 % in 2016 due to a decrease in the share of corporate sector. Individual grain farms occupy a market niche of production little profitable, but socially significant strategic crops (cereals and barley) for domestic consumption. Determined tendency of excess concentration of grain production, which is growing in the export segment, and a tendency of excess concentrate land in large enterprises of the corporate sector. According to results of the analysis are substantiated the main problems of development of individual farms, in particular: (1) limited access of small commodity producers to market infrastructure, lack of alternative grain delivery channels, except for implementation of opaque «other channels», underdevelopment of processing and state directions of sales products; (2) dependence of small and medium grain producers from the price policy of traders, as owners of 90 % of sold grain, which influence the formation of seasonal purchasing prices of products; (3) disproportionate distribution of income between corporate and individual sectors, which is reinforced by seasonal and regional price volatility; (4) limited access of direct producers of grain to credit resources and state financial support; (5) unsatisfactory institutional providing for development of individual farms, the absence of their representations in professional associations. Volumes of grain production individual farms determine the level of real coefficient food security of the state and its regions. Increasing the profitability of subjects individual sector will promote development and state support of grain cooperation in Ukraine.

Author Biography

N.O. Bibikova

Assistant

Uzhgorod Trade and Economic Institute of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics

Korytnianska Street, 4, Uzhgorod, Ukraine

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Published
2017-12-19
How to Cite
Bibikova, N. (2017). TRENDS AND PROBLEMS OF DEVELOPMENT INDIVIDUAL GRAIN FARMS IN CONTEXT OF PROVISION FOOD SECURITY OF UKRAINE AND ITS REGIONS. Economic Innovations, 19(3(65), 15-27. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31520/ei.2017.19.3(65).15-27