THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF URBAN TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS SYSTEMS INTELLECTUALIZATION
Topicality. The scientific article is devoted to a research analysis of the features of intelligent technologies use for logistics processes managing, their impact on digital transformation and modernization of logistics systems. Intellectualization is a new trend in the economic development of countries derived from smart technologies, including cloud computing, mass data and the Internet. Intelligent program services based on intelligent terminals, provided by Internet enterprises, bring an unprecedented effect and challenge in this field. The relevance of the study derived from the digital transformation both the world economy and Ukraine, in particular, and within these conditions the new information technologies and intelligent systems are being formed and applied to improve and modernize transport and logistics processes. The article deals with theoretical aspects of the logistics processes intellectualization.
Aim and tasks. The purpose of the work is to study the theoretical and methodological foundations for the implementation of the intellectualization concept for the management of urban transport and logistics systems in terms of adaptability.
Materials and methods. The work used the methods of theoretical research, namely: the method of analysis, synthesis, the method of going from the abstract to the concrete, deduction and induction, and the method of idealization was also used in the article.
Research results. During the study it was found that the features of transport and logistics systems depend on the development strategies of administrative-territorial units and the growth driver. The best countries of the world were determined by the criterion of logistics efficiency, and that made it possible to compare the results of these countries with Ukrainian indexes. Based on the results of a comparative analysis, it is substantiated that the strong position of European countries in the ranking is due to the efficient operation of their transport system and focus on the use of achievements in the field of intellectual technologies, in contrast to the weak position of Ukraine, that is due to the insufficient use of adaptive information and communication technologies in organizing of complex supply chains by subjects of transport and logistics infrastructure. The functional components and objects of intelligent transport systems are characterized. It has been established that autonomous intelligent transport systems are mainly used, which are not integrated, that, in turn, reduces their effectiveness. A theoretical and applied model for the development of urban transport and logistics systems in conditions of adaptability is built, which is based on the modern empirical and theoretical basis of the development of urban transport and logistics systems, which are influenced by the processes of globalization, socialization and intellectualization involving the use of computer, information and communication technologies when controlling vehicles and transport networks in real time. The key aspects of influence on the management of the transport system in the conditions of its socialization and intellectualization are indicated. The necessity of strategic plans and programs developing to implement the effective use of intelligent transport systems applied technologies is substantiated, that will contribute to solve the transport problems of the cities. This made it possible to determine the main conceptual foundations for the adaptation of intelligent transport technologies to the urban logistics system, which is currently in the conditions of locality, heterogeneity, with a low level of adaptability and orderliness.
Conclusion. The rapid development of modern cities, the increase in the number of vehicles, the development of new routes increases the amount of information needed for analysis and promt decision-making, and this, in turn, stimulates the active use of intelligent information technologies. Currently, a new stage of logistics is developing, which manifests itself through the socialization and intellectualization of logistics activities, that involves a continuous process of knowledge obtaining, its increasing, transforming and processing to find an effective solution in the system managing at a given time. Therefore, the further development of urban transport should be based on the use of computer technology, and namely intelligent transport systems. It is expedient for cities and other territorial-administrative units to develop their own approaches corresponding to their own unique characteristics in the development of information and transport systems.
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