THE USE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MIGRATION POLICY OF THE LEADING COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD IN THE CONTEXT OF MODERN GLOBAL PROBLEMS
Topicality. The immigration attractiveness of the developed world is forcing governments to resort to new digital security and control systems based on artificial intelligence, machine learning, predictive analytics and automated decision-making systems to help destination and countries of origin prevent a storm of global migration imbalances and high levels of migration. migratory pressure.
Migration policy in many countries, including the EU, is increasingly based on artificial intelligence systems, such as face recognition, the use of algorithms to create immigrant profiles, or as a forecasting tool in migration management processes, including forced deportation planning. Experts on migration issues around international migration policy are divided into two camps: supporters and opponents of the use of new technologies. Proponents are of the opinion that artificial intelligence technology can innovate, reduce costs and build more effective systems for managing international migration by deepening existing asymmetries between states at the international level, modernization of traditional practices of states and international organizations, strengthening current calls for more effective migration management and border security. Opponents of technological innovations in international migration policy hold somewhat different positions, expressing skepticism about new initiatives. Considering that such use of technology may violate the right to data protection, confidentiality, the right to non-discrimination and several principles of international migration law, including the right to apply for asylum. However, the mission of using artificial intelligence is to improve the work of migration services and to protect recipient countries from excess unwanted labor.
Aim and tasks. The purpose of the study is to review foreign initiatives, identify the advantages and disadvantages of using artificial intelligence in international migration policy.
Research results. Optimistic and pessimistic scenarios for the use of "smart applications" are substantiated and the experience of advanced countries in the introduction of technological experiments in international migration policy is considered. The main prospects and negative aspects of innovation implementation are identified. The importance of further research on this issue is proved.
Conclusion. The research results show the positive experience of the world's leading countries, which have successfully implemented technological innovations in their migration policies, thus consolidating leading positions in the international arena, which will be at the forefront of global efforts to manage migration in the coming years. At the same time, the analysis showed that countries with less advanced technological means can be further separated from the global migration race.
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