THE EXPERIENCE OF SMART-SPECIALIZATION IMPLEMENTATION AS AN APPROACH TO STIMULATING THE ECONOMY OF REGIONS IN EU COUNTRIES: LESSONS FOR UKRAINE
Topicality. The expediency of in-depth study of smart specialization as an approach to stimulating the economy of the regions at the present stage is related to the deepening of cooperation between Ukraine and EU countries within the neighborhood policy and consolidation at the legislative level in Ukraine since 2016 of smart specialization as a regional development.
Aim and tasks. The aim of the article is to study the experience of developing and implementing smart specialization strategies in the EU, as well as to develop practical proposals for organizing the process of forming and implementing smart specialization strategies in the domestic realities.
Research results. Formed as a concept of expanding public funding in the field of research and innovation, smart specialization has resulted in significant conceptual and economic-political consequences: the allocation of the key role of scientific-technological and economic specialization in the development of territories; determining the role of research and development work to substantiate the areas of current and future comparative advantage; formation of a mechanism for managing the process of implementing the strategy of smart specialization, based on the model "public sector - science - entrepreneurship".
Research of foreign experience in the formation and implementation of smart specialization strategies was conducted in the following areas: 1) determining the levels of adoption and implementation of smart specialization strategies in different countries; 2) analysis of sources of financing the implementation of projects in the context of the implementation of strategies at the level of states and regions; 3) taking into account the differentiation of socio-economic development and policy traditions at the national and regional levels in the countries implementing RIS 3.
Conclusion. Emphasis is placed on the possibilities of using the formed conclusions in the process of adaptation of smart specialization to Ukrainian conditions. It is established that Ukraine should pay attention to the following aspects on the way to the innovative model of regional development: 1) lack of capable institutional structures at the regional level capable of developing, implementing and financing innovation strategies, which requires involvement of the national level of smart specialization policy. ; 2) the feasibility of forming smart specialization strategies on clearly defined and sufficient sources of funding and an effective mechanism for monitoring and controlling the use of funds; 3)
a prerequisite for the formation of a strategy of smart specialization in our country should be a wide range of information and consulting work in the business environment and research circles.
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