DEVELOPMENT OF INCLUSIVITY IN THE FIELD OF RECREATIONAL NATURE MANAGEMENT ON THE EXAMPLE OF BEACH TERRITORIES


Keywords: beach areas, inclusive economy, land-sea zone, institutional support, pollution, rent, ecological condition.

Abstract

Topicality. Ensuring inclusiveness in the field of recreational nature management plays a special role in the system of economic development of the country and further integration into the European Union.The modern institutional base is rather fragmentary in terms of administrative regulation of beach areas - the environment of a set of valuable natural resources that are attractive for business development.This leads to the impossibility of effective economic assessment of territories, preservation of their ecological status, and as a consequence prevents the pursuit of global economic trends.
Aim and tasks. The purpose of the article is to reveal the characteristics of an inclusive approach and outline the components of the organization and development of beach areas. Formulation of criteria for creating an inclusive beach. Substantiation of introduction of principles of the organization of inclusiveness of recreational natural resources on an example of the beaches which have received the Blue Flag status.
Research results. The authors consider the legislative basis, strategies and action plans for the protection of the marine environment of Ukraine and its use. The rules of use of shore protection structures, which are places of mass recreation, are presented and contradictions are revealed in them. The principles of inclusive use of beach areas are declared. The state of pollution of beach areas, methods of assessing the impact of economic activities on marine ecosystems, the state of tourist flows and proposals are analyzed.
Conclusion. It is substantiated that there is no scientific theoretical basis, and in the legislative field there is no single legal act that regulates the issues of beach areas, their pollution, the relevant economic relations. It is substantiated that there is no zoning of beach areas and their ecological condition is not taken into account when calculating the cost of rent. At an insufficient level - compliance with the social needs of different segments of the population and ensuring the care, use and protection of the contact area as a whole. The necessity of using tax policy, rent payments based on economic assessment of natural recreational resources taking into account the ecological component is substantiated.

Author Biographies

N.I. KHUMAROVA

Dr.Sc. (Economics),
Institute Of Market Problems And Economic&Ecological Research of the
National Academy Of Sciences Of Ukraine
Frantsuzskiy Boulevard, 29, Odesa, Ukraine

H.O. TIUTIUNNYK

PhD in economics, Researcher,
Department of Economic Regulation of Nature Management
Institute of Market Problems and Economic and Ecological Research NAS of Ukraine
Frantsuzkyi boulevard, 29, Odesa, Ukraine, 65044

N.V. VERNIHOROVA

engineer of 1st category
Department of Economic Regulation of Nature Management
Institute of Market Problems and Economic and Ecological Research NAS of Ukraine
Frantsuzkyi boulevard, 29, Odesa, Ukraine, 65044

References

1. Vodnyi Kodeks Ukrayiny : Zakon [Water Code of Ukraine: Law] of 06.06.1995 №213 / 95-VR Vidomosti Verkhovnoyi Rady Ukrayiny – Information of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of 13.06.1995 № 24. Article 189.
2. Zemelnyi Kodeks Ukrayiny : Zakon [Land Code of Ukraine: Law] of 25.10.2001 № 2768-ІІІ / Vidomosti Verkhovnoyi Rady Ukrayiny – Information of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of 25.01.2002. 2002 р. № 3. Article 27.
3. Kodeks torhovelnoho moreplavstva Ukrayiny [Code of Merchant Shipping of Ukraine] / Vidomosti Verkhovnoyi Rady Ukrayiny – Information of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of 21.11.1995, № 47, Article 349.
4. Pro zatverdzhennia Pravyl okhorony vnutrishnikh morskykh vod i terytorialnoho moria vid zabrudnennia ta zasmichennia [On approval of the Rules for protection of inland sea waters and territorial sea from pollution and clogging]. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/269-96-п (last accessed: 04.06.2020)
5. Pro vidkhody: Zakon Ukrayiny [On waste: Law of Ukraine] / Vidomosti Verkhovnoyi Rady Ukrayiny – Information of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of 25.09.1998. 1998 р. № 36. Article 242
6. Про затвердження Правил реєстрації операцій зі шкідливими речовинами на суднах, морських установках і в портах України: Наказ Міністерства транспорту України / Ofitsiynyy visnyk Ukrayiny - Official Bulletin of Ukraine of 15.06.2001. № 22, page 188, Article 1022, act code19031/2001
7. Pro zatverdzhennia Polozhennia pro systemu upravlinnia bezpekoyu sudnoplavstva na morskomu i richkovomu transporti: Nakaz Ministerstva transportu Ukrayiny [On approval of the Regulations on the safety management system of shipping on sea and river transport: Order of the Ministry of Transport of Ukraine] / Ofitsiynyi visnyk Ukrayiny - Official Bulletin of Ukraine of 09.01.2004. 2003 р., № 52, том 2, стор. 493, Article 2844, act code27329/2003
8. Pro zatverdzhennia Pravyl bezpeky dlya pratsivnykiv suden portovoho i sluzhbovo-dopomizhnoho flotu rybnoho hospodarstva: Nakaz derzhavnyy komitet Ukrayiny z promyslovoyi bezpeky, okhorony pratsi ta hirnychoho nahlyadu [On approval of the Safety Rules for employees of vessels of port and service-auxiliary fleet of fisheries: Order of the State Committee of Ukraine for Industrial Safety, Labor Protection and Mining Supervision] / Ofitsiynyi visnyk Ukrayiny - Official Bulletin of Ukraine of 19.02.2007. 2007, № 10, page 65, Article 383, act code 38694/2007
9. Pro zatverdzhennia Pravyl zapobihannia zabrudnennyu iz suden vnutrishnikh vodnykh shlyakhiv Ukrayiny: Nakaz Ministerstva transportu Ukrayiny [On approval of the Rules for prevention of pollution from inland waterway vessels of Ukraine: Order of the Ministry of Transport of Ukraine] / Ofitsiynyi visnyk Ukrayiny - Official Bulletin of Ukraine of 29.10.2007. № 79, page 187, Article 2965, act code 41248/2007
10. Stratehiya implementatsii polozhen dyrektyv ta rehlamentiv Yevropeyskoho Soyuzu u sferi mizhnarodnoho morskoho ta vnutrishnoho vodnoho transportu (“dorozhnia karta”): Rozporyadzhennia Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrayiny [Strategy for implementation of the provisions of directives and regulations of the European Union in the field of international maritime and inland water transport ("road map"): Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine] / Ofitsiynyi visnyk Ukrayiny - Official Bulletin of Ukraine of03.11.2017. № 86, page 65, Article 2622, act code 87718/2017
11. Pro zatverdzhennia Stratehii rozvytku morskykh portiv Ukrayiny na period do 2038 roku: Rozporyadzhennia Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrayiny [On approval of the Strategy for the development of seaports of Ukraine for the period up to 2038: Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine] / Ofitsiynyi visnyk Ukrayiny - Official Bulletin of Ukraine of20.08.2013. 2013, № 61, page 45, Article 2194, act code 68232/2013
12. Pro skhvalennia Natsionalnoyi stratehii upravlinnia vidkhodamy v Ukrayini do 2030 roku: Rozporyadzhennia Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrayiny [On approval of the National Waste Management Strategy in Ukraine until 2030: Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine] / Ofitsiynyi visnyk Ukrayiny - Official Bulletin of Ukraine of 01.12.2017. 2017, № 94, page 61, Article 2859, act code 88063/2017
13. Plan diy u nadzvychaynykh sytuatsiyakh na Chornomu mori do Protokolu pro spivrobitnytstvo v borotbi z zabrudnenniam Chornoho morya naftoyu y inshymy shkidlyvymy rechovynamy vnaslidok nadzvychaynykh sytuatsiy: Plan diy. [Black Sea Emergency Action Plan to the Protocol for Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the Black Sea by Oil and Other Harmful Substances as a Result of Emergencies: Action Plan] URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/en/998_305 (last accessed: 04.06.2020)
14. Pro zatverdzhennia Zahalnoderzhavnoyi prohramy okhorony ta vidtvorennia dovkillya Azovskoho i Chornoho moriv: Zakon Ukrayiny [On approval of the National program of protection and reproduction of the environment of the Azov and Black Seas: Law of Ukraine] / Vidomosti Verkhovnoyi Rady Ukrayiny – Information of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of 13.07.2001. № 28, Article 135
15. Pro zatverdzhennia "Metodyky rozrakhunku rozmiriv vidshkoduvannia zbytkiv, zapodiyanykh derzhavi vnaslidok porushennia zakonodavstva pro okhoronu ta ratsionalne vykorystannia vodnykh resursiv": Nakaz Ministerstva okhorony ta navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha Ukrayiny [On approval of the "Methodology for calculating the amount of compensation for damages caused to the state as a result of violation of legislation on protection and rational use of water resources": Order of the Ministry of Protection and Environment of Ukraine] / Ofitsiynyi visnyk Ukrayiny - Official Bulletin of Ukraine of 28.08.2009. № 63, page 128, Article 2242
16. Pro zatverdzhennia Pravyl bezpeky pid chas vykonannia robit z rozviduvannia ta rozroblennia rodovyshch nafty i hazu v akvatoriyakh Chornoho ta Azovskoho moriv: Nakaz Ministerstva nadzvychaynykh sytuatsiy Ukrayiny [On approval of the Safety Rules during the exploration and development of oil and gas fields in the Black and Azov Seas: Order of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Ukraine] / Ofitsiynyi visnyk Ukrayiny - Official Bulletin of Ukraine of 19.02.2013. № 11, page 38, Article 428, act code65742/2013
17. Pro zatverdzhennia Poryadku nadannia posluh iz zabezpechennia zapobihannia i likvidatsii rozlyvu zabrudnyuyuchykh rechovyn u morskykh portakh Ukrayiny [On approval of the Procedure for providing services to ensure the prevention and elimination of spills of pollutants in seaports of Ukraine] / Ofitsiynyi visnyk Ukrayiny - Official Bulletin of Ukraine of 24.09.2013, № 71, page 59, Article 2621, act code 68715/2013
18. Pro zatverdzhennia Pravyl rozrobky naftovykh i hazovykh rodovyshch: Nakaz Ministerstva ekolohiyi ta pryrodnykh resursiv Ukrayiny [On approval of the Rules for the development of oil and gas fields: Order of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine] / Ofitsiynyi visnyk Ukrayiny - Official Bulletin of Ukraine of 30.06.2017. № 51, page 56, Article 1578, act code 86363/2017
19. Stepanov V.N. (1982). Ekonomiko-ekologicheskiie problemy kontaktnoy zony susha-more [Economic and environmental problems of the land-sea contact zone.]. Department of the economy and ecology of the World Ocean of the Marine Hydrographic Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR 161 p.
20. Pro blahoustrii naselenykh punktiv: Zakon Ukrainy [On the improvement of settlements: the Law of Ukraine]/ Vidomosti Verkhovnoyi Rady Ukrayiny – Information of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of 09.12.2005. № 49, page 2580, Article 517
21. Zayava shchodo perevirky na vidpovidnist chynnomu zakonodavstvu aktiv orhaniv mistsevoho samovryaduvannya (nadannya v orendu plyazhiv) [Application for verification of compliance with current legislation of local government acts (lease of beaches)]. URL: http://onlylaw.com.ua/text/plyag/obr-prok.html (last accessed: 04.06.2020)
22. Pro vnesennya zmin do deyakykh zakonodavchykh aktiv Ukrayiny shchodo zabezpechennya bezpereshkodnoho dostupu hromadyan do uzberezhzhya vodnykh obyektiv dlya zahalnoho vodokorystuvannya : Zakon Ukrayiny № 233-IX vid 29 zhovtnya 2019 roku [On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine Concerning Ensuring Unimpeded Access of Citizens to the Coast of Water Objects for General Water Use: Law of Ukraine № 233-IX of October 29, 2019]. Ofitsiynyi visnyk Ukrayiny - Official Bulletin of Ukraine of 29.11.2019 2019, № 92, page 49, Article 3032, act code 96770/2019.
23. Pro zatverdzhennya Pravyl ustatkuvannya ta ekspluatatsiyi plyazhiv mista Odesy [About the statement of Rules of the equipment and operation of beaches of the city of Odessa]. URL: https://omr.gov.ua/ua/acts/council/7107/ (last accessed: 04.06.2020)
24. Pavlenko M.YU. (2018). Zvit pro naukovo – doslidnu robotu Rozroblennia naukovo-metodychnykh osnov otsinky vplyvu na morske dovkillia obyektiv ta vydiv morehospodarskoi diyalnosti [Research report Development of scientific and methodological bases for assessing the impact on the marine environment of objects and types of maritime activities]. Odesa. pp. 46-67
25. Duilding a clean swell. Report 2018. Internatioanl coastal cleanup. URL: https://oceanconservancy.org (last accessed: 04.06.2020)
26. Vmestimost' Odesskikh plyazhey [Capacity of Odessa beaches]. URL : http://odessa-life.od.ua (last accessed: 04.06.2020)
27. Plyazhnaya karta Odessy [Beach map of Odessa]: past, present, future. URL: http://forshmag.me/2017/07/27/plyazhnaya-karta-odessy-past-present-future/ (last accessed: 04.06.2020)
Published
2020-06-20
How to Cite
KHUMAROVA, N., TIUTIUNNYK, H., & VERNIHOROVA, N. (2020). DEVELOPMENT OF INCLUSIVITY IN THE FIELD OF RECREATIONAL NATURE MANAGEMENT ON THE EXAMPLE OF BEACH TERRITORIES. Economic Innovations, 22(2(75), 122-134. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31520/ei.2020.22.2(75).122-134