URGENCY OF INTRODUCTION OF INNOVATIONS INTO THE TRANSPORT SYSTEM OF UKRAINE


Keywords: innovations, innovation policy, investments, investment attractiveness, transport policy of the state, reforming of transport sector, transport-technological process, economy of innovations, transport-technological systems, seaports, transport system of Ukraine, competitiveness.

Abstract

Topicality. Today, innovative technologies are becoming increasingly important in all sectors of the economy and industry, including the country transport system. The efficiency of the national economy, its economic growth, the stability of territorial complexes and foreign economic activity is largely determined by the functioning of transport. On the one hand, advanced technologies in the transport sector reflect the level of development of the national economy and its competitiveness. On the other hand, they reflect the level of economic security of the state. Therefore, the introduction of innovations in the transport sector is one of the main tasks facing Ukraine, both for the state as a whole and for individual private logistic companies in particular. Only by introducing the latest technologies and developments into the national transport system, it is possible to achieve a significant reduction in door-to-door delivery time, improve the quality of transport products, reduce costs, which in turn will improve the efficiency of operation and management of the transport industry on the world market.
Aim and tasks. The purpose of the article is to analyze the increase of efficiency and effectiveness of the transport system of Ukraine at the expense of innovative technologies.
Research results. The introduction of innovative technologies in maritime transport at the present stage is associated with innovation in document management, accompanying the movement of goods, automated supervision and control of the movement of goods and, first of all, containers, simplification of customs control, modernization of electronic interaction process (fleet and ports), executive authorities and other participants of foreign trade operations (transport agents, brokers, freight forwarders) at all stages of the logistics process.
Conclusion. In order for Ukraine to take a worthy place in the world transport system, the country needs to modernize its national transport system; also, it needs to implement innovative transport solutions using world experience. In order to bring the transport system of Ukraine in line with international standards, it is necessary to implement investment and innovation projects in the industry. Implementation of innovative transport projects will allow to reconstruct existing and build new necessary transport infrastructure facilities, improve the efficiency of operation and management of the transport sector, change the availability, quality and safety of transport services that meet the needs of Ukraine's economy, consumers and population, improve attractiveness for foreign capital, which will reduce the cost of transport products throughout the transport process.

Author Biography

A.V. VARDIASHVILI

Phd (Economics), Candidate of Econ. Sciences, researcher
Institute Of Market Problems And Economic & Ecological Researches of the
National Academy Of Sciences Of Ukraine
Frantsuzskiy Boulevard, 29, Odesa, Ukraine

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Published
2020-06-20
How to Cite
VARDIASHVILI, A. (2020). URGENCY OF INTRODUCTION OF INNOVATIONS INTO THE TRANSPORT SYSTEM OF UKRAINE. Economic Innovations, 22(2(75), 17-24. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31520/ei.2020.22.2(75).17-24