THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PARADIGM: GENESIS, BACKGROUND AND ORIGINS
Topicality. The concept of sustainable development synthesizes anthropocentric and biospherecentric principles and provides for optimal use in the economic and non-economic processes of the natural component, aligning the impact of man on nature and the ability of the latter to bear anthropogenic load, which will provide the ability of future generations to satisfy ecological needs. As people and their needs are at the center of socio-economic development, the notion of "sustainable human development" associated with the process of expanding individual choices in various fields is becoming increasingly relevant today: from guaranteeing economic, social and political rights and freedoms to the possibilities of creative self-realization and improvement.
Aim and tasks. Despite the extensive study of sustainable development in the domestic and foreign scientific environment, a detailed study of the genesis of the concepts of "sustainable development" and "sustainability", as well as the components of sustainable development, is required. The purpose of the article is to review, systematize and analyze approaches to sustainable development, and compare them, as well as to formulate a paradigm of sustainability from the first appearance of the prerequisites of this concept to the origins and generalization of the genesis of the concept of sustainable development.
Research results. Therefore, the result of the study is the formation of the paradigm of sustainability from the first appearance of the preconditions of this concept to the origins and generalization of the genesis of the concept of sustainable development. Thus, the inclusion of only three components in the concept of sustainable development (society, economy, environment) is common practice, but it is not the only correct component.
Conclusion. Given the uncertainty in the domestic scientific environment of the system of sustainable development and the lack of complete analysis of approaches to its implementation, it is necessary to review and systematize these approaches, to compare them. This will allow us to understand sustainable development, not as an abstract phenomenon, but as a truly global paradigm for human survival in the third millennium, the transition to which is a translational process.
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