ASSESSMENT OF DEVELOPMENT AND FORECAST DEMOGRAPHIC POTENTIAL RURAL KHERSON REGION
The current state of development of rural areas, in particular, demographic potential of the region, is analyzed. The results of our studies indicate that the processes of democrats become irreversible, reduce the life expectancy of the peasants, is rapidly aging, and intensify migration. Despite some positive developments, the birth and death rate in Ukraine remains difficult and unfavorable for the future development of the state. The processes of destruction of the settlement network are described. Southern economic region ranks second among the regions with the lowest number of degenerate villages. The total mortality rate for one generation in Ukraine has almost doubled. The mortality rate of men of working age increases especially intensively. A positive trend is to reduce the mortality rate of newborns and infants under the age of 1 year. A regional forecast for the number of settlements and grouping of districts by population density has been developed. In the Kherson region, villages are far removed from each other, regional and district centers (except for the suburban area). Analyzing the current state of the demographic situation in Ukraine, it should be noted that the exhaustion of the potential of demographic growth determines the impossibility of not only expanded, but also simple reproduction of the population in the near future. The estimation of the demographic situation in the Kherson region was made and the directions of the exit from the demographic and settlement crisis in the rural areas were proposed. Numerous studies of this problem indicate that neither the administrative-territorial transformations of rural territories, nor the nationally-developed programs for improving the living standards of peasants are not able to compensate for the growing negative and threatening influence of depopulation in Ukrainian villages.
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