PORT DUES AS THE MAIN SOURCE OF FINANCING OF THE PERMANENT STRUCTURES OF THE MARITIME TRANSPORT SYSTEM


Keywords: seaports, port infrastructure, classification of the port dues, pricing policy.

Abstract

Topicality. Maintaining of the permanent structures of the maritime transport system in proper condition is one of the components of the domestic seaports competitiveness. The relevance of the problem of the permanent structures financing is based on the high degree of port infrastructure deterioration and lack of investment for its development. Today in Ukraine the only source of funds for the development of permanent structures of the maritime transport system is the port dues, which are among the highest in the world. This fact negatively affects on the cargo turnover of Ukrainian seaports. So, the issue of port dues is relevant and requires a thorough study. There are discrepancies in the existing differentiation of port dues rates in Ukraine and in the world, between the number of port dues in the competitive Ukrainian ports. The disputable issue is the methodology for collecting port dues.
Aim and tasks. The purpose of the article is the theoretical and methodical development of the basic provisions of the port dues system reformation, paying attention on the financing of the permanent structures of the maritime transport system. In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to study the essence of port dues, to develop their classification, to analyze international experience, to study the legislative regulation of the port dues system in Ukraine.
Research results. The article outlines the main schemes for collecting port dues, analyzes the types of port dues in Ukraine, identifies the main problems. The port dues classification is systematized by author. On the basis of the analysis of Administration of seaports of Ukraine revenues it was found that the share of port dues in the income structure is about 70 %. The analysis of the dynamics of cargo turnover indicators and the income from the port dues was carried out. In view of the analysis, the list of directions is proposed in order to improve the port dues system in Ukraine. It is analyzed the legislative framework and the Methodology the calculation of port dues.
Conclusions. The proposed ways of improving the mechanism of collection of port dues will improve the efficiency of functioning of the port industry in Ukraine in conditions of high competition among the Black Sea ports. Prospects for future research in the field of port dues collection are based on the economic justification of each type of port dues.

Author Biography

N.A. REMZINA

Senior Engineer, Market of Transport Services Department
Institute Of Market Problems And Economic & Ecological Research of the
National Academy Of Sciences Of Ukraine,
Frantsuzskiy Boulevard, 29, Odesa, Ukraine

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Published
2019-03-20