CONCEPT OF THE TRANSBOUNDARY CLUSTER ON PROCESSING OF SECONDARY RAW OF WINE FOOD IN UKRAINE AND MOLDOVA. PROBLEMS OF FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY
Topicality. Secondary raw materials of winemaking are a rich source of biologically active compounds, which makes it possible to use it for the production of a wide range of products of high value for various industries: food, pharmaceutical, perfume and cosmetic, chemical, etc. However, currently in Ukraine and in Moldova there are no specialized enterprises for the integrated processing of secondary raw materials of winemaking. In the vast majority of cases, in particular, crests and squeezes are uncontrolledly exported to agricultural lands without special treatment, which leads to acid soil erosion and environmental pollution by metabolites of micromycetes.
At the present stage of technological development there is a wide range of innovative developments in the field of recycling of secondary bio-materials, in particular grape excrements, in order to obtain biologically valuable components. The main task in this direction is to create an organizational and economic mechanism that will unite the interests of winemaking enterprises (owners of secondary raw materials), processing enterprises (producers of secondary products of winemaking), representatives of local authorities and potential consumers of innovative products. A cluster ideology may be an effective tool for consolidating the interests of stakeholders in this direction.
Aim and tasks. Development of the concept, formation and functioning of the cross-border cluster on the processing of secondary raw materials of winemaking, the core of which is the innovation-investment center, which provides cooperation of science, business and administrative resources, allows to provide non-waste technologies and use innovative solutions. In the process of recycling of secondary raw materials of winemaking in Ukraine and Moldova (about 100 thousand tons) is the possibility of obtaining more than 50 secondary winemaking products, which are in high demand in various sectors of the economy.
The main objectives of this study are: ensuring sustainable development and the principles of the "green economy" in the development of viticulture and winemaking in Ukraine and Moldova; creation of high value-added biologically valuable products; obtaining social and synergistic effect in the process of forming a cluster.
Research results. A systematic approach to the complex processing of grapes on the basis of cluster ideology is proposed. The proposed architecture of the cluster as managerial innovation in the subregional, regional, national and transboundary context allows us to form the poles of economic growth by consolidating and converting different types of capital: human, social, productive, natural, financial and intellectual to obtain additional economic benefits. The developed concept shows that sustained efficiency is achieved, first and foremost, enterprises are able to combine efforts and capital.
Conclusions. The analysis of technology of processing of grapes on wine materials in Ukraine and Moldova is carried out. The following is the list of the most promising products obtained from secondary raw materials of winemaking. The concept of creating a cross-border cluster for the processing of secondary raw materials of winemaking, which is based on the principles of the green economy.
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