TAX DISTRIBUTION OF REGIONAL ECONOMIC COOPERATION UNDER GLOCALIZATION AND LOCAL SELFFGOVERNANCE REFORMING CONDITIONS


Keywords: regional economic cooperation, investment taxation, investment projects, glocalization.

Abstract

Topicality. The urgency is explained by the need of use of taxation regulatory leverage for stimulation of territorial communities cooperation, as well as the development of scientifically substantiated grounds for the economic cooperation of regional economic systems is to be developed in order to increase their socio-economic development and on the basis of improving of the institutional basis in favorable conditions for local self-government reform and inclusion of local systems globalization processes. In the process of active decentralization reform, realization of efforts to build effective local selfgovernance and achieve the development of territorial economic systems on the basis of European integration and the implementation of international best practices and trends, it is necessary to regulate the use of cooperation measures. The practice of applying of contractual forms of cooperation between administrative units in order to improve their economic capacity, which has been spread in the EU, has not been widely disseminated and implemented in Ukraine, despite its exceptional value as a measure to stimulate the socio-economic development of the regions and as an instrument for implementing of strategic documents initiatives on regional policy in Ukraine and in the EU.
Aim and tasks. The purpose of the article is to determine the scientific basis for tax incentives for regional economic cooperation as a measure of increase of socio-economic development level, to substantiate the proposals of stimulation of the implementation of investment and innovative projects, that are aimed at improving the community's welfare on local, regional, national and international levels due cooperation tools and better use of local resources and the benefits of territorial units during their participation in economic exchange, that is - during the glocalization process.
Research results. It's proposed the scientific principles of tax stimulation of economic cooperation at the regional level and the essence of regional economic cooperation process, achieved by administrative units, is determined. It's stated that such sense should correspond and improve the existing principles and provisions of the European regional policy, implementation means of which are to be updated in accordance with national features and trends of economic system development. The scientific principles and measures that are to stimulate economic cooperation are developed on the basis of actual provisions of the modern institutional environment, including the Tax and Budget Codes of Ukraine. It has been established that the proposed regulatory tax measures have become possible for practical use, on the basis of appropriate scientific justification, due to modern changes in the budget legislation and are promising for implementation, especially in the aspect of the implementation of new large-scale investment projects, and as a lever to support the development of economic growth.
The list of local taxes and fees with the help of which it is possible to stimulate regional economic cooperation is determined, the methodical bases of the regulation of economic cooperation are formulated, in the context of inclusion of territorial communities in the processes of global economic exchange. The measures of stimulation of economic cooperation and implementation of strategically important investment projects with global character are proposed. The measures are to establish preferential rates for local taxes within the existing powers of local self-governmental bodies, the application of privileges for reinvestment operations, the drawing up of strategic plans for promising investment-oriented taxation at the territorial level communities and regions.
Conclusion. The results of the research are outlined in the article, in the form of regulatory measures, and are actually necessary for central and regional authorities, since they contain a scientific justification for the effective promotion of economic transformations in a territorial context in according to the implementation needs of the reform of local self-governance and taking into account the influence of the processes of globalization. The prospect for further research includes the formulation of methodological approaches to the determining of tax regulators set that are to stimulate socio-economic development and stimulate regional cooperation, to assess the effectiveness of such regulatory measures.

Author Biographies

O.I. LAIKO

Dr. Econ. Sciences, Senior researcher,
Deputy head of department
Institute of market problems and economic&ecological research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
Frantsuzkyi boulevard, 29, Odesa, Ukraine, 65044

V.P. TALPA

Postgraduate student of the Department of Interregional Economic Development of the Ukrainian Black Sea Region
Institute of market problems and economic&ecological research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
Frantsuzkyi boulevard, 29, Odesa, Ukraine, 65044

Z.V. CHECHOVICH

Leading engineer
Institute of market problems and economic&ecological research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
Frantsuzskyi boulevard, 29, Odesa, Ukraine, 65044

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Published
2019-03-20