FEATURES OF FOOD MARKET FUNCTIONING IN UKRAINE


Keywords: beekeeping, honey, export, import, production, processing.

Abstract

Topicality. Beekeeping in our country is an important and especially valuable branch of agriculture. It is based on the cultivation of honey bees, which exist bee families - unique biological units [4]. Features of beekeeping as a branch of agricultural production predetermine the specificity of determining its economic efficiency. Sources of honey harvest are agricultural crops, as well as natural honey fields - forests, plantations of gullies and beams, forest belts, meadows and pastures. However, in bee-keeping of pollination and pollination-honey directions, products obtained as a result of increasing the yield of dust-pollinated bees of agricultural crops, the profit of the industry is not counted. In this regard, all the costs of bee pollination, in addition to the cost of honey, wax, fruit moth, roes and other by-products, are attributed to crops and perennial cultures pollinated [3]. Production of honey in apiaries of the country's population when used different methods of keeping bees and selling products provides significant revenues and high profitability. [2]. Economic efficiency of the field of beekeeping is characterized by profits from the sale of products, which ultimately determines the level of beekeeping profitability.
Aim and tasks. The purpose of the article is to analyze the information on scientific sources and statistical data, as well as scientific and practical developments and knowledge related to the development of the beekeeping industry in the world and the peculiarities of honey exports, to substantiate practical recommendations for improving the organizational and economic principles of the functioning of the beekeeping market in terms of integration . The task was to summarize scientific publications and methodological materials on research topics.
Research results. The theoretical and methodological basis of the study was the works of the classics of economic science, the works of scientists M.Tokarev, V.Haidar, V.Pilipenko, A.Rustamov, A.Vakulin. The rational and efficient use of production facilities, forage and livestock provides an increase in the gross output of beekeeping and improvement of its quality [7].
Conclusion.The dynamics of world production of honey is estimated and it is established that Ukraine is among the five most honey producing countries in the world. The necessity of reorientation of export of honey as a finished product in the individual brand packaging is proved. The growth of the number of exporters of honey has been established

Author Biographies

OLHA KARPENKO

PhD. Econ. Sciences, senior researcher.
Department of Economic regulation of Environmental Management
Institute of market problems and economic&ecological research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
Frantsuzkyi boulevard, 29, Odesa, Ukraine, 65044

YELIZAVETA TURENKO

Junior Researcher
Department of Economic regulation of Environmental Management
Institute of market problems and economic&ecological research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
Frantsuzkyi boulevard, 29, Odesa, Ukraine, 65044

HERMAN KARPENKO

Junior Researcher
Department of Economic regulation of Environmental Management
Institute of market problems and economic&ecological research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
Frantsuzkyi boulevard, 29, Odesa, Ukraine, 65044

KIRA KHAMID

Assistant of the department TPPAP
Odesa State Agrarian University,
str. Kanatnaya, 130, Odesa, Ukraine, 65039

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Published
2019-03-20