CONCEPTUAL LINK BETWEEN THE WASTE MANAGEMENT AND THE ECONOMIC CONTENT OF CATEGORY “RESPONSIBILITY”


Keywords: waste management, responsibility, environmental orientation, integration, resource-saving policy, conceptual approach.

Abstract

Topicality. In recent years the waste management as an object of nature using economy and transdisciplinary scientific direction has become increasingly evolved both in applied and in the conceptual (theoretical and political) values. The negative situation with domestic and industrial wastes in Ukraine reflects world trends, in particular, in the groups of countries with only a developing economy. Garbage on the streets of large cities, increasing the number of unauthorized landfills, loss of valuable materials due to inefficient waste sorting and indifferent attitude to the idea of recycling – this list, unfortunately, can be continued further. Not only restraining factor to the aggravation of the environmental situation in the country caused by the placement of waste into the environment, there is a decline in production and poverty of the population. In such circumstances, given the fact that in the short and medium term, financial incentives to improve the situation look rather ghastly, it is advisable to turn to the review of the theoretical basis of their solution to the problem of waste. Moreover, it is necessary to find solutions at the conceptual level , in particular, by adapting to the present ukrainian economy the popular concept of an extended producer responsibility in the western countries and aspects of waste management in the framework of corporate social responsibility, etc.

Aim and tasks. Purpose of the article is justification of a conceptual approach to improving the waste management situation in a country with an unstable economy. Such an approach should be grounded on the position of responsible waste management in its economic and environmental dimensions. To do this, it is necessary to analyze the relationship between the main subjects of the “economy of waste”, and to compare the innovative conceptual approaches in waste management, united by ties with the concept of responsibility.
Research results. During the research, we found that economic responsibility, in that number in waste management, is the responsibility of the entity to be responsible for the commitments he has taken; in particular the compensation for losses which can be caused by it may be it to the property of other entities or the environment. According to Max Weber, the problem of responsibility is inextricably linked to the notion of ethics: "ethics of persuasion" and "ethics of responsibility"; the ethics of persuasion is related with the direction to perfection, and therefore the responsibility for practical actions is very weak. At the national level, significant changes are needed in environmental policy in terms of increasing responsibility for waste management (in particular packaging waste); it is based on the following principles: priority of environmental protection and human health, prevention of the formation of packaging waste, promotion of the development of a competitive market environment, separation of packaging waste collection and arrangement of places for their authorized harvesting, maximum use of waste packaging as a secondary raw material, the formation of ecological consciousness of the population and individual social groups and citizens, innovation and science in relation to the technical and technological and ecological and economic aspects of packaging waste management, a combination of effective incentives and regulatory policy in the field of packaging waste management, etc.
Conclusions. In the article it is determined that the conceptual principles of the waste problem research cover the theoretical basis (the position of the economy of nature management, the economy of waste, the economy of secondary resources) and the political component (environmental, social, regulatory policy – in those aspects that intersect with the formation and waste management) . As part of the analysis of the relationship between the waste problem and the concept of liability, attention is focused on such existing concepts: the concept of corporate social responsibility (in aspects of waste management), the concept of extended producer responsibility, the concept of integrated waste management. It is proposed to modify certain aspects of the concepts under study in order to form a new approach of “ecologically-expanded motivated producer responsibility”. This will allow for a comprehensive consideration of social and environmental factors in waste management in the medium-term perspective.

Author Biographies

A. P. KODZHEBASH

Institute of Market Problems and Economic&Ecological Research of the

National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,

Frantsuzskyi boulevard, 29, Odesa, Ukraine, 65044

ALEXANDER KRIVENCEV

Director General of LLC «UMWELT Україна» (the REMONDIS group companies)
Lünen, Germany

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Published
2018-09-20