INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE IN MANAGEMENT OF MARITIME TRANSPORT SECTOR ABOUT UKRAINIAN MARITIME ADMINISTRATION ESTABLISHING
After declaration of Ukraine’s independence, the national governance system in the field of maritime transport has evolved considerably, both in terms of functional and organizational forms. The article reviews the problem of finding ways to build a rational governance system in the maritime transport industry of Ukraine to ensure its efficiency and safety in the context of fulfilling recommendations of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) audit mission to Ukraine held in 2015. The article clearly distinguished the terms "Maritime Administration" and "Port Authority", stating that the former covers issues like maritime governance, maritime safety and compliance with IMO conventions, while the latter refers to public entities responsible for port infrastructure development and shipping safety in port waters etc.
The analysis of international experience of establishing maritime administrations in both leading maritime nations, such as U.K. and U.S., and some standing on the Black&Baltic seas, showed the differences in their functions and powers. The research proposed a set of recommendations for improving safety management of maritime transport in Ukraine. Thus, the article suggested that a new Maritime Administration of Ukraine should be established as a separate governmental body under the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine, which is typical for the countries analyzed in the paper.
Based on the analysis of the governance system in the maritime transport industry, the functions of the new Maritime Administration could be divided into three groups: (i) functions, which today belong to the Ministry of Infrastructure; (ii) functions, which are responsibilities of the State Service of Ukraine for Transport Safety, and (iii) new functions.
To generate the list of functions of the new Maritime Administration it is advised to use international experience of leading maritime countries and maritime nations neighboring Ukraine. Thus, it is desirable not to burden the new Maritime Administration with redundant functions, focusing on core functions such as maritime security, search and rescue operations, compliance and fulfillment of international conventions, certification and training of seafarers and maintenance of ship registers, hydrography, and protection of the marine environment. It is appropriate to attract IMO mission to discuss the draft Regulation on Maritime Administration of Ukraine and its functions (with the participation of the working group at the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine). One must ensure a clear separation of functions among the Maritime Administration of Ukraine, and Ukrainian Sea Port Administration and State Service of Ukraine for Transport Safety. In light of upcoming IMO mission to Ukraine in 2018, the article delivered a set of policy activities that need to be implemented in order to successfully pass IMO audit.