FEATURES OF FORMATION OF THE COST OF TRANSPORTATION BY SEA TRANSPORT
Transportation of goods by seais known, is the most economical mode of transportation. Transporting large cargo parties most profitable and efficient. Fluctuations in freight rates affect not only the development and operation of sea transport sectorbut also is important for international trade. The swift changes in the global freight market, which significantly increase the cost of transport, need continuous consider ways to reduce it.
The formation of the cost of freight is influenced by many factors: the quality of transport service and trade; optimizing maintenance costs; positioning the country as part of networks of marine transportation; competitiveness and market regulation; characteristics of the goods transported; characteristics of ports and infrastructure; imbalance in trade flows.
Considering the Ukrainian practice, not one of these options does not meet the requirements. The efficiency of the transportation process, efficiency of ships, including the clearance rate is the most topical issue for shipments to Ukraine. As for operating costs, given the practical absence of Ukrainian shipping companies - the problem is not a priority. However, when creating sufficient conditions to attract the flag of Ukraine of energy efficient vehicles would eliminate this problem. The use of large-size vehicles is somewhat limited due to the necessity of passing the Bosporus and Dardanelles and not effective by loading large capacity