MAIN DIRECTIONS OF MARITIME POLICY OF UKRAINE IN MODERN PERIOD
The article presents the problems of maritime transport policy of Ukraine, their causes and possible effects if unresolved. We estimate the size of the loss and damage which has national transport complex from untenable political leadership of the country. Substantiated system solutions for the development of the national maritime policy if these will not be resolved, the development of this sphere of economic activity can not be provided.
In May 2008, the National Security Council of Ukraine summed up the country's marine economy in the period of independence. The decision of the National Security Council approved important measures to overcome the negative state of the marine industry and as if these measures were promptly implemented to date most of the issues would be resolved. But unfortunately the change Ukrainian government in 2010 and put an end to the implementation of measures which have already been implemented. So one of the first decision of the Cabinet Azarov abolition was adopted in 2009, the Marine Doctrine of Ukraine and the Concept of the Law of Ukraine on Maritime Policy of Ukraine. It was actually slowed adoption of the Law of Ukraine "On International Register of Ukraine», the adoption of which was also provided for the decision NSDC. In fact, stopped funding program for the construction of warships (The "Corvette"). It was destroyed by the State Department of Maritime and River Transport of Ukraine and public ports prepared for privatization oligarchic structures Ukraine. The Law of Ukraine on Economic experiment in shipbuilding, which envisaged the establishment of economic and tax conditions are more or less competitive functioning of this industry in the world market are not implemented. That is actually Ukrainian marine complex in 2010-2015 not only did not get any development, but rather was even a greater decline.
Only ports were today quite successfully functioning component of marine economy of the country and the sector in accordance with the intentions of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine shall reform is privatization primarily through such forms as concession and lease.
The main factor that determines the implementation of the privatization of ports in the world is the need to attract significant investment to address existing problems of port activity. However, if the problem is resolved to the ports of Ukraine in the direction in which the necessary state and society. Will invest at all in the absence of a mechanism for regulation of private port activity. Will ensured fair competition, or that privatization will lead to another failure - present reasonable proof is not provided. It is an important task of reforming the state port sector is the development and implementation of state policy in the field of maritime and river transport, which will ensure an integrated approach to their development taking into account relevant developments in other modes of transport in our country. In other words pointless to address issues of individual elements of the transport system without the systematic coordination of the process. The fact that such an approach is foolish and implemented in the transport sector today.
Consequently the water transport is now imperative to move to the new structure of management industry, which would be aimed at solving specific industry challenges especially with the provision of safety and security, respect for international treaties and conventions to conform to existing standards of vehicles and permanent structure. This includes the elimination of SE AMPU returning its independence harbor affiliates. At the same time the structure Ministry of Infrastructure to create Maritime and river (water) Authority, which is responsible for implementing the reforms, policies and strategies, and supervision activities.