FORMATION OF ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY AGRICULTURAL LAND AS A PRIORITY OF GREENING THE ECONOMY OF REGIONAL SYSTEM
Questions of creation the environmentally friendly agricultural land as a priority direction of greening the economy of regional system are considered. The role of environmentally friendly land as part of a balanced agricultural nature, quality characteristics which are the basis of agro-ecosystems preservation, productivity increasing, prevent degradation and agricultural landscapes restoration is analyzed. The article presents the issue of improving soil quality continues needs to be urgent. In particular, the task of improving the quality of agricultural land and considering the qualitative characteristics as an object of management remains unresolved, which necessitates further systematic research in this direction. The purpose of the article is to substantiate the essence of soil quality management, the creation of land masses with appropriate soil characteristics as a means of obtaining safe products of standardized quality, maintaining the quality of the natural environment, preventing its degradation and using innovative industrial technologies in alternative agricultural systems. It is substantiated that qualitative soil properties and fertility are inextricably linked. The processes of soil formation and soil fertility are determined by a number of natural factors and the nature of economic activity, which affects not only the arable layer but also deeper soil horizons, as well as groundwater and groundwater. The optimal parameters of fertility indices should be established for each type of soil, ie they can vary according to the fertility patterns as a combination of soil properties and modes that ensure the productivity of the land, the high quality and safety of the agricultural products derived from them. It is determined that the management of ecological agriculture will facilitate the creation of land uses with special characteristics, which are achieved through the implementation of the general laws of agriculture and a number of principles, among which the principles of environmental orientation are combined with the principles that facilitate their implementation.
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