INVESTMENT IMPULSE FOR WORLD ECONOMY INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT
Topicality. The urgency of the problem is due to the need for development, expansion and modernization of international infrastructure, which depends on the amount of investment generated from different sources. Infrastructure can be an important factor in shaping aggregate demand. Large infrastructure projects are usually accompanied by massive investments in construction, and later in the repair and reconstruction of various facilities, causing demand for products of related industries (metallurgy, production of building materials and structures, chemical industry, services).
Aim and tasks. The purpose of the article is to develop theoretical, methodological provisions and practical proposals that should justify the objective need to form the investment potential of the global production infrastructure. Prove that the development of a scientifically sound investment strategy at both national and international levels makes it possible to establish certain relationships between different sources of funding for infrastructure projects.
Research results. It was found that first, investments in infrastructure are used in two ways - to repair and maintain existing infrastructure, and secondly, to build new facilities. In different countries this ratio is different. Second, many countries underfund national infrastructure development due to a lack of government resources. Studies show that while maintaining the current rate of infrastructure spending in many countries around the world in the next two decades, there will be a significant shortage of long-term investment resources needed annually for sufficient and balanced reproduction of relevant infrastructure. Third, foreign experience in building investment potential indicates the use of promising forms of cooperation between the state and the private sector. Regardless of whether the private or public sector makes infrastructure investments, one of the key factors is the sources of their financing, which can have a decisive (including negative) impact on macroeconomic development indicators.
Conclusion. Infrastructure investments are considered to be the most important tool for shaping global projects, creating conditions for economic development and new jobs. The changes taking place in the infrastructure sectors are reflected in the technologies of foreign economic operations, leading to the transformation of the most important subsystems of the world economy. The development of the processes of internationalization and globalization requires the improvement of existing and the emergence of new elements of infrastructure that meet the growing diverse needs of the subjects of world economic relations. Therefore, attracting investment in infrastructure is an impetus, an ideal way to redistribute resources and labor from stagnant sectors of the economy in the industry, able to ensure long-term economic growth.
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