TRANSNATIONAL CLUSTERS SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS IN EUROPEAN ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
The presented work is dedicated to research of essence and internal links of transnational cluster systems as a factor contributing to competitiveness of the Black Sea Euroregion in view of advancing integration processes and necessity to increase part played by economy of peripheral territories within cross-border cooperation framework. Strategic priorities of network forms of cooperation within the context of the EU cross-border cooperation policy are identified. Advantages and parameters of cross-border industrial quasi-integration are explained in view of prospects of Ukraine entry into the EU. This work is dedicated to exploration of main features inherent to meso-level of international integration formations representing network structures in intra-branch and inter-branch cooperation in the form of cross-border cluster systems encompassing macro-levels and micro-level of integration of national economy of multiple states. Possibilities of theory synthesis of international economic integration and cluster concept in economic area virtualization environment are revealed. Cluster approach is proved to be the most efficient mechanism to develop cross-border economic relations and represents, finally, a meso-level of competitive international integration systems and mandatory condition of quality advance for Ukrainian European integration.
In the article it is stated that cross-border cluster unities in accordance with the worldwide experience become new forms of innovative development of the European regions with the involvement of Ukraine. The essence and inner interrelations of cross-border network cluster is investigated as the growth factor of the European region competitiveness under the conditions of intensifying the integration processes and the necessity of enhancement of the role of periphery regions’ economy in the framework of cross-border cooperation. Within the context of European Union regional politics the strategic priorities of the spatial development of the European regions are stated on the basis of self-organization of “hybrid” network quasi integration institutions. Their role in the competitive recovery of the European regions in the light of Ukrainian perspectives of joining European Union is investigated.
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